Breast cyst removal is the surgical process that involves removing a cancerous cyst formed in the breast. This cyst can also be called a lump and the medical term for the removal procedure is called a lumpectomy. Cancerous lumps are often discovered through a biopsy. A lumpectomy aims at removing the cancerous lump and some of the healthy tissue surrounding the tumor. The healthy tissue is removed to ensure that no cancer cells are left. Another medical procedure, mastectomy, which involves complete removal of one or both breasts may be done also. Studies have shown that conducting a lumpectomy gives the same effective result as mastectomy for breast cancer patients in their early stages patients.
The reason why breast lumps are surgically removed is to prevent the spread of cancerous tumors to other body parts. Whether a lumpectomy can be performed or not is dependent on the stage and tumor’s size and other specific patient characteristics. quite a several doctors prefer lumpectomy over mastectomy as it is not as invasive as a complete breast removal. A lumpectomy retains your breast sensations and appearances, most of it. This allows a better symmetry of your breast but there may be a need for chemotherapy or radiation to ensure that all the cells are eliminated.
All surgeries come with a measure of their risks. It could be risks of bleeding, infection, and allergic reaction. After a lumpectomy, you may experience numbness if the procedure affected some nerves. Your breast shape may also be altered. Temporary tenderness and swelling may also occur after the surgery.
A lumpectomy patient may be subjected to regular radiation therapy for some weeks following the surgery. Radiations have some side effects like skin redness, burning, and fatigue.
Breast Cyst Removal Preparation
Your doctor will fix several appointments with you before surgery. This appointment includes mammography or x-ray imaging, and physical examination. The goal here is to find out the shape and size of the tumor.
A few days before your surgery you will have a meeting with your surgeon during which you will inform the surgeon about the medications you use including supplements and OTC drugs. The surgeon will also want to know if you have any allergies. Let the surgeon know if you are with a child or if it is a possibility.
You may be advised to stay away from blood thinners days before the surgery to lower bleeding risks. You will also have to stay off drinking liquids and fast eight to twelve hours pre-surgery.
Take a list of personal questions you want your doctor to answer. A family member or friend can also be there to take down notes. Bringing someone along on your surgery day would be helpful. The person will provide support and note any instructions given after the surgery. If you don’t have anyone to bring along inform your doctor about this so that alternative help can be provided.
What Happens During Surgery
You will be required to change into the hospital gown before surgery and anesthesia will be administered. Patients who are given local anesthesia may also need a sedative so they can relax as the procedure is being done. If general anesthesia is administered, the patient will sleep throughout the procedure.
The surgeon will start by finding the tumor location. When you had your biopsy the surgeon may have kept a metal clip or markers near the tumor for easy identification with a wire. The wire helps in guiding the surgeon to the exact spot for the incision.
Your surgeon then goes ahead to make the incision and removes the entire tumor and healthy cells surrounding the tumor. The healthy cells are removed to ensure that there is no leftover tumor. The removed lump is sent to the lab for resting.
During the procedure, lymph nodes may be taken out from your breast sides for testing in the laboratory to find out if breast cancer has already spread. After this comes the closure of the incision by stitching and the wound is bandaged.
After the wound has been properly bandaged you will be moved to the designated room for recovery. You will be closely monitored here as the effects of the anesthesia wear off. Expect to feel pain at the site of the incision when you are awake. But don’t worry as there are medications to relieve the pain.
When you return home you have to restrict the activities you engage in as you allow your body to heal. Carefully follow the instructions given by your doctor for post-surgery care.
The incisions need to be taken care of at home. Stitches may be removed or they may dissolve themselves. If you need to go for radiation therapy it usually starts a few weeks post breast cyst removal.
Surgery to reconstruct the breast may be opted for relying on the lump size that was removed. But this will be done after you have completed your radiation therapy. However a lot of women usually do not have to go for reconstructive surgery after a lumpectomy, this is one of its advantages.
If your tumor is really big and you think your breast may be symmetrical, discuss this concern worth your doctor. Your doctor may supply you with some options before the surgery. A mastectomy may be recommended too.
If you are bothered about the chances of cancer recurring or do not want to go for radiation then you can opt for a mastectomy. In the case of some tumors are still intact after the first surgery, additional surgeries may be needed for complete removal.
Breast cyst removal is one breast procedure that has been done thousands of times and has recorded a high success rate with very few casualties so the chances that you will have an overall safe procedure are very high.