Have you experienced new breast lumps? If so you might have a non-cancerous condition known as breast tumor fibroadenoma. Studies show that only 20% of breast tumors are cancerous. In many cases, fibroadenoma doesn’t require treatment and is usually “benign” (non-cancerous). However, it’s important to still get any new breast growths checked out since there’s the possibility of it being cancerous. This condition is quite common
However, the good news is that in most cases the breast tumors are non-cancerous. However, it’s a good idea to get it checked out just to make sure. A doctor will do a checkup and possibly order lab tests to determine if the tumor is “benign” (non-cancerous) or “malignant” (cancerous). The good news is that usually, this condition doesn’t cause any health issues and the tumor will shrink over time. You should certainly have it checked out though to have peace of mind. Steps like self-examinations can help to notice any new breast growth. After observing them it’s then important to determine the main cause of the growth and whether or not it has cancer cells. In many cases, breast lumps don’t cause any symptoms besides the lump itself. This highlights the need to check from time to time.
How Often Are Breast Tumors Cancerous?
If you observe a new breast tumor then there’s an 80% chance it’s not cancerous. There are many myths about cancer lumps. As always it’s critical to separate fact from fiction. This is critical so you’ll know what’s causing the lump, whether it has cancer cells, and so on.
It’s natural to be concerned about breast lumps but you shouldn’t panic. For example, many automatically think a new breast lump is cancerous. However, it’s more common for it to be a growth/lump that isn’t a cancer tumor.
There are various causes of lumps. They include changes to a woman’s hormones during the menstrual cycle. Even the lump’s feel isn’t a sign of whether it’s a cyst, fibroadenoma, or cancer. The key factor is if the growth has any cancer cells.
After observing a lump, doctors will often order imaging tests like ultrasound, MRIs, or mammograms. This is done to look closer at the lump. Sometimes a doctor will also order a biopsy. This involves having a lab test a piece from the lump.
It’s also critical to note that sometimes cancerous growths don’t cause any pain. So it can’t be implied that a painful breast lump is a sign of breast cancer. It might or might be diagnosed as such based on various tests performed.
However, the main takeaway is a painful lump that doesn’t mean it is or isn’t cancer. It could be caused by inflammatory breast cancer. This causes symptoms like tenderness, redness, swelling, and warmth. There might be pain when a lump appears.
There are various other myths you should keep in mind. For example, whether or not the lump is cancerous isn’t based on various factors. They include the lump size, patient’s age, family history of breast cancer, and if the growth is post-mammogram. It’s critical to know the facts.
What Is Breast Tumor Fibroadenoma?
This is one of the non-cancerous tumors that can appear as a breast lump. It’s technically possible for the lump to be cancerous although it’s super-rare. Fibroadenoma is the most frequent kind of non-cancerous breast tumor. Another key fact is this condition doesn’t cause a higher risk of developing breast cancer.
This condition happens most often in pre-menopausal women. However, it can technically occur in women of any age. The tumor is usually round/oval with a rubbery feeling. However, in most cases it’s painless. When you touch the growth you can feel it move underneath the skin instead of it not moving.
“Fibroadenoma” contains the word “fibroma, which means the tumor is made up of fibers. As time passes the growth can grow bigger, shrink, or disappear. The growth’s size can range from 2.5cm to 5cm. The growths can be larger due to higher estrogen levels. Other factors like hormone therapy and menstrual cycles can also affect the lump’s size.
Fibroadenoma is usually one lump although in some cases there are multiple lumps. It can also appear on either one or both of the patient’s breasts.
In some cases, a biopsy isn’t required. This is especially true for under-30 women who are diagnosed via ultrasound. However, other procedures like ultrasound and physical exams might be done to monitor the growths. Meanwhile, women who are 30+ years old will usually require a biopsy.
In most cases having fibroadenoma doesn’t increase breast cancer risk. However, if you have a “complex” case of the growths it’s important to have other tests run. That’s because there’s a slightly higher risk of breast cancer.
A related health condition is a kind of tumor that contains mostly gland tissue. These tumors usually affect young women and are quite rare. They might form breast cancer and sometimes appear during/after pregnancy.
Top Treatments for Fibroadenoma Tumors
A 2015 study shows that surgery usually isn’t required when fibroadenoma only has normal cells. Another issue is surgery could cause breast scars that could affect imagine tests done in the future.
In many cases, fibroadenoma doesn’t require any treatments. The growth might even shrink/disappear over time. However, if there are any abnormal features your doctor might require surgery to remove them. The procedure can be done with either a general/local anesthetic. The one your doctor picks is based on the growth’s features and where it’s located on the patient’s breast.
There are some key features to consider when determining whether or not to have the growth removed:
- The tumors often stay stable and don’t change in size
- Fibroadenoma shrink/disappear sometimes without treatment
- Surgery can change the breast’s shape/texture
One factor is whether growth grows or shrinks. If either of these situations happens a doctor could recommend getting checkups from time to time. They can help to observe changes in the tumor’s size.
It’s important to monitor the growth after surgery. This includes a breast ultrasound that helps to check for changes in the lump’s size/appearance. You should talk to your doctor about whether or not it’s practical to remove the benign tumor.
There are various types of surgical procedures done to remove the growth:
A thin device is inserted into the skin to get to the growth. Then the gas is injected to freeze/destroy the growth.
This involves removing breast tissue. Lab tests are then run to check the tissue for cancer cells. This is an important procedure to determine whether or not the tissue is cancerous.
After these procedures, 1+ lumps might form. It’s important to test each new lump to learn more about the growth. This will help to determine if it’s a non-cancerous breast tumor fibroadenoma.