Seizures are the uncontrolled and sudden electrical disturbance that comes from the brain. In fact, there are two types of seizures with different ranges. It just depends on how and where it began in your brain. Some last from 30 sections to 2 minutes. Be wary, though, once the seizure is more than five minutes, you need to immediately head to your doctor.
Continue reading to know more about seizures.
Types of Seizures
Before you learn about the symptoms and triggers of seizures, it is best that you know its different types first.
Non-epileptic seizures usually come from an injury. It can be an illness or a blow to your head.
Also called temporal lobe seizures, Jacksonian, and focal, partial seizures happen when you have epilepsy. It usually happens on one side of the brain only thus making half of your body affected during a seizure.
There are two types of this kind of seizure:
- With impaired awareness – You can expect that this type of seizure can involve a chance of your awareness. There can be times when you are just staring into space and not react to anything in your environment. In some cases, you might end up doing repetitive movements like walking in circles, swallowing, hand rubbing, and chewing.
- Without loss of consciousness – In this kind of seizure, you may feel that there can be changes in the way you look, feel, sound, taste, and smell in things. The difference is that you do not lose consciousness. Also, this kind of seizure can give you involuntary jerking in your arms or legs. Some even experience spontaneous sensory symptoms like flashing lights, dizziness, and tingling.
This type of seizure takes places on both sides of your brain, making both sides of your body affected. An example of generalized seizures is tonic-clonic seizures or grand mal and petit mal seizures. Petit mal seizures are a generalized seizure in which it has only a few symptoms including staring into space for a couple of seconds. Other kinds of generalized seizures are:
- Myoclonic seizures – These appear as sudden twitches or brief jerks in your legs and arms.
- Clonic seizures – It can be linked with rhythmic or repeated jerking muscle movements. It most affects your arms, face, and neck.
- Atonic seizures – These are also known as drop seizures. It can make you suddenly fall down or collapse as it can cause you a loss of muscle control.
- Tonic seizures – One way to know if you have this seizure is when your muscles are already stiff. It mainly targets your muscles in the legs, arms, and back.
Causes of Seizures
Your brain’s nerve cells or neurons develop, send, and receive different electrical impulses that make all the cells in your brain communicate. Once these messages are disrupted, then you are already having a seizure.
One of the most common causes of seizures is epilepsy. However, there can be other causes related to this condition. Some of these are the following:
- Alcohol intoxication or abuse
- Use of illegal drugs
- Brain tumor
- Head trauma, particularly the one in which there is a bleeding area in your brain
- Medications, such as antidepressants, smoking cessation therapies, and pain relievers
- Low blood sodium or hyponatremia
- Lack of sleep
- High fever, those that particularly come from infections
Symptoms of Seizures
Now that you are aware of its causes and types, you now need to know its symptoms. There are cases in which they can experience generalized and partial seizures. To know whether you are having seizures or not, check the symptoms below.
- The feeling of anxiousness or fear
- Suddenly being sick in your stomach
- Change in vision
- Out of body sensation
- Jerking moments in your legs and arms, causing you to drop your things
- Losing consciousness that can lead to confusion
- Frothing or drooling
- Uncontrollable muscle spasms
- Sudden mood changes
- Biting of your tongue
- Clenching of your teeth
- Experience strange taste in the mouth
- No control over your bowel and bladder function
- Suddenly making unusual noises
- Rapid eye movements
A lot of things can trigger seizures. It can be a stressful situation or something else. With that in mind, you need to make sure that you carefully take note of what can trigger your seizures for you to avoid these. Some of the common triggers of seizures are:
A seizure caused by stress can look exactly like epileptic seizures. You will start experiencing numbness, convulsion, and confusion.
Heat is not your friend. It can give you heatstroke or worse, seizures. This is because your body tends to have a hard time cooling yourself down when the weather is too hot. So if your internal thermostat was able to reach 104 degrees Fahrenheit, you might expect to damage some of your organs, like your brain.
Low blood sugar
Hypoglycemia, a state in which your blood sugar reaches a very low level, can cause your seizure. This is because the lack of glucose can give your brain troubles in functioning normally. Considering that hypoglycemia is a side effect of diabetes, it can be said that those with diabetes have a higher chance of having a seizure.
A lot of people have been dependent on alcohol. And once they decide to stop or quit, there can be tendencies wherein the brain will have difficulty in sending messages as it adapts to its new lifestyle. As a result, you can end up having seizures.
Other than listing your trigger points, you can also consult your doctor with these. He or she can then help you in making ways you can prevent this from happening. Also, do not hesitate to ask your doctor or any professional from help when you have concerns about your condition. It is always better that you make sure you are guided properly than deciding what to do four health.
Remember, health is very important and once you fail to take care of it, you could risk losing everything, including your life.