It is normal that when we have a throat problem we also have trouble hearing and smelling things. This is because all these three are connected in some way. So, if one of these parts is suffering from an illness or infection the others will be experiencing it too.
The ear, nose, and throat are linked because they all belong to the upper respiratory system. These three are part of the same anatomy so it is possible that they suffer from the same allergy, pain, and infection. Learning more about the connection of the ear, nose, and throat will help us address infections and have them back in a strong health state in no time.
There are a lot of infections affecting the ear, nose, and throat. Each infection has its very own symptom. Knowing each symptom is important to determine the cause and ways to treat it. Here are some of the most common ear, nose and throat problems that can affect both kids and adults.
Infections in the Ear
One of the most common disorders affecting the ear, nose, and throat is an ear infection. This happens when bacteria affect the ear core. The bacteria normally get stuck in the ear core if fluid clogs the Eustachian tube. Ear pain and experiencing moderate to severe pressure in the ear are among the signs of the infections. Balance loss, hearing difficulty, and ear fluid discharge are the other symptoms to watch for. Vomiting and nausea are also possible if the infection remains untreated.
Babies, toddlers, and young children are more at risk of this disease. Symptoms may be hard to see in young children. One way to confirm if your child suffers from this ear, nose and throat problem is that drinking and eating pattern is unusual. Fussiness at bedtime is also a sign of this condition. Above all, your child may be suffering from this if the loud noise does not startle him.
Another prevalent ear, nose and throat problem is the sinusitis. This affects both adults and children. What causes sinusitis? Medical professionals point to germs thriving in the recesses around our nose and eyes as the cause of the infection. Common cold can also result in acute sinusitis especially in cold areas or when winter occurs. Allergies and bronchial asthma, on the other hand, can lead to chronic sinusitis.
What are the common indications that a child or an adult is suffering from sinusitis? Pain, pressure and inflammation affecting the ear, nose and throat are present in patients with sinusitis. Headache, cough, nasal discharge and fever are the other signs of this ear, nose and throat disorder.
Streptococci or step is a family of bacteria that affects the ear, nose, and throat. Patients will suffer from strep throat if the bacteria impact the surrounding areas of the throat. The chances of having strep throat will be high if a person has a viral or bacterial infection. The symptoms of strep throat are similar to the signs of ear, nose, and throat problems. This is why a medical professional needs to perform an actual strep test to be sure that the infection is a strep throat.
What are the common signs of strep throat? Having sore and red throat is the first one to see if a person has this ear, nose and throat problem. Difficulty swallowing, enlarged lymph nodes, and tonsils also happen if a patient has this infection. Other symptoms are fatigue, body aches, fever and having white patches at the back of the throat as well as on the tonsils.
Who are the most at risk of this infection? Pediatric patients aged between five to 15 are more prone to strep throat. Strep infection is also contagious so those who have family members with strep throat are also at risk of this ear, nose and throat disease.
A scientific word that refers to the condition when a patient stops breathing for some time while sleeping, sleep apnea is another ear, nose and throat problem. Immediate treatment is essential to prevent this from causing serious health issues. Medical professional observation and assistance is important to treat patients with sleep apnea.
What are the common signs of sleep apnea? Drowsiness in the morning and afternoon is the most prevalent symptom of this disorder. Waking up in the night along with depression and morning headaches are the other indications of sleep apnea. Depression and mood swings are also common to sleep apnea patients. Gasping, choking and snoring while asleep also happen to people with this disease. Having enlarged tonsils and being overweight are the risk factors for this medical condition.
One of the most prevalent disorders that cause us to seek help from an ear, nose and throat specialist is nosebleed. There are several reasons why a patient reports an episode of nose bleeding. Among these are migraine headaches, allergies, and dry air. Nosebleeding can also be due to the use of blood-thinning medication as well as the development of blood clotting disorders.
How do we help a patient with nosebleeding disorder? The first step is for the patient to lean forward. The purpose is for the blood to continue going through the nose and to prevent it from going to the throat. Gently squeeze the nose until the nosebleeding stops. If the bleeding continues, it is best to seek professional assistance.
Dry throat is a common ear, nose and throat problem that happens due to unhealthy lifestyle choices. Frequent smoking, caffeine, and alcohol intake are the usual causes of a dry throat. Age is also common as the older we get the higher our chances of having a dry throat. This is because the mucous glands dry up as we age. Taking cold medications are helpful to address a dry throat.
Ear Wax Buildup
Last but not the least earwax buildup is a common ear, nose and throat disorder affecting children. This happens if ear wax is pushed further to the inner ear. Ear itching, ear pain, and hearing loss are the common causes of this condition. Effective treatment is putting some hydrogen peroxide drops in the ear once weekly to clear out the ear wax.