Non-Hormonal Birth Control Methods

There are many birth control methods out there. There are hormonal and non- hormonal birth control methods. But today we’ll just be looking at non-hormonal birth control methods.

Non-Hormonal Birth Control Methods

Birth control is no longer a big deal. People now opt for different birth control methods. The most common ones happen to be the hormonal birth control methods. In this method, the female hormones are triggered. And this causes an imbalance in the hormonal system of the woman. Most times, it comes with side effects that range from mild to severe. Because of this many women are now opting for non-hormonal birth control. This type of birth control has nothing to do with your hormones. But it still does its job as to preventing conception. Well, we’ll be taking a look at some of the different non-hormonal birth control methods as we go on.

The truth is that everyone can opt for non-hormonal birth control methods. With this method, there are fewer chances of side effects. And most women find this to be appealing. Because the truth is that many women don’t opt for hormonal birth control methods because they can be quite stressful to deal with. There would be a lot of changes going on in the body. And it might even have long term effects that can hinder your getting pregnant when you are ready. Anyway, enough of the story about what these two methods are all about. Let’s dive into the main discussion for today.

Non-Hormonal Birth Control Methods

These are birth control methods that have nothing to do with hormones. You can opt for these methods of birth control for the following reasons:

  • If you don’t want to tamper with your normal menstrual cycle
  • If you have religious beliefs that hinder you from using a hormonal method
  • If you don’t have sexual intercourse very often
  • If your health insurance doesn’t cover hormonal birth control methods
  • If you want to be extra safe even when using hormonal methods
Non-Hormonal Birth Control Methods

Let’s now take a look at the different non-hormonal methods.

Barrier methods

These are methods that use forms of a barrier. These methods prevent the sperm from getting to the egg. And the most common barrier method is a condom. There are many other methods. Let’s have a look at them.

Condoms

This is the only method that offers you protection against STIs. STIs are sexually transmitted infections. And they are transmitted when a person has unprotected sex. This method is quite popular is commonly used by many people. They are also easy to find and you do not need a prescription to get them.

There are condoms for both males and females. Male condoms are worn on the penis. So during sexual intercourse, when the sperm is released it stays in the condom.

They come in different flavors and options. Some are latex, non-latex, spermicide or non-spermicide.

Condoms provide about 98% protection if it’s used perfectly. That’s is, it is worn properly and there are no breaks or slip off. Most men though are about 82% effective.

For females, on the other hand, they are placed in the vagina. And this is to hinder sperm from getting to the cervix. It is usually made with nitrile or polyurethane.

Spermicide

This is a chemical that kills sperm. It comes in the form of foam, gel or cream. When spermicide is used alone, the failure rate is about 28%. That’s why it’s advisable to use it with condoms or other barrier methods.

Most people don’t have any side effects when the use of spermicide. But some people have skin irritation.

Cervical cap

This is a silicone plug that’s reusable. This cap is inserted into the vagina for about 6 hours before having sexual intercourse. It blocks the sperm from getting into the uterus. This isn’t something you can just get anywhere. It’s usually prescribed.

Its failure rate is around 14-29%. When used with spermicide it’s actually more effective. Before using this cap as well, make sure you check for holes and places that are weak. You can do this by filling it up with water. That way you are sure that nothing would go wrong.

Generally, this is a good barrier option for people that have not given birth before.

Sponge

This is made of plastic foam. It’s also inserted into the vagina before having sexual intercourse. The sponge can stay in the vagina for 24 hours. And you have sexual intercourse as many times as you want during the 24 hours.

But make sure that you don’t take it off immediately after the sexual intercourse. Wait for at least 6 hours before you do so. Also, make sure that the sponge does not stay for more than 30 hours.

It acts as a barrier between the sperm and the cervix. It’s used only once. And when used it should be used with spermicide. If used perfectly, then this sponge is about 80-91% effective.

Diaphragm

This takes the shape of a shallow dome. And it’s made with silicone. It’s reusable and is also inserted in the vagina before having sexual intercourse. It also works by creating a barrier between the sperm and the uterus.

With this barrier method as well, you have to wait for at least 6 hours before removing it. And all in all, you must not leave it there for more than 24 hours. If used perfectly it offers about 94% efficiency.

Copper IUDs

Well, there are actually two types of IUD. The hormonal and non-hormonal. For the non-hormonal, you have the copper IUD. In this method, a T-shaped device is inserted in the uterus.

This device begins to release copper into the uterus. This makes the environment toxic to sperm. And that way, there wouldn’t be fertilization. They are about 99% effective.

They help prevent pregnancy for up to 10 years. But at the same time, you can remove it whenever you want to.

How Can You Choose The Right Method?

Well, this depends a lot on you. It depends on your preferences, affordability and many other factors. One person that can also help you out in making the right decision is your doctor. Also, you can try talking to your insurance agent to see if your insurance would cover the method you want to opt for.

Here’s a list of some of the things to look out for before opting for any method.

  • Cost
  • Longevity
  • Accessibility
  • Effectiveness
  • Side effects
  • Ease of use

Once you take a look at all these you would be able to make a decision as to the best non-hormonal birth control.

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