During a woman’s menstrual cycle, a woman can experience various symptoms due to hormonal changes. They include progesterone breast tenderness, which can take place when levels of the female hormone increase during one week prior to menstruation beginning. There are other causes of this symptom including medicines with the hormone estrogen. There are other causes of breasts becoming tender or swelling so it’s important to know what’s causing this symptom. In fact, sometimes the symptom results from everyday activities and is unrelated to menstruation. It’s important to know the causes of this condition to determine if it’s caused by hormonal changes or other factors.
Progesterone is one of the female sex hormones that’s involved in a woman’s menstrual cycle. It’s important to know some details about how hormones in general work to have a better understanding of how this particular one works. This also can help to explain why hormonal changes can result in different symptoms like tenderness or swelling. For example, there are different hormones involved in the menstrual cycle and they have different roles in the complex process. While estrogen is the more well-known female hormone progesterone is another important one to know about since it’s related to women’s health.
What Are Hormones?
It’s important to start out with a basic understanding of hormones themselves. There are certain glands that produce hormones, which have a big effect on different processes of the human body. Hormones affect many things including:
- Sexual function
These are all important issues in a person’s everyday life. The main job of hormones is to send messages from the body’s glands to the body’s cells, tissues, and organs. They also help to maintain certain levels of chemicals in a person’s bloodstream. This is important so there’s a balance in the person’s body.
There are two types of chemicals involved with steroids. Fun Fact: The word hormone originates from a particular Greek word that means to encourage. This idea shows that hormones function as ways for chemical changes used for different purposes like growth and energy.
Hormones are part of one of the body’s systems. The chemicals flow throughout a person’s bloodstream. Their job is to move to certain human cells. When a certain cell recognizes the hormone. When that happens, the hormone does a specific task.
There are certain sex hormones like progesterone that are involved in different things like fertility. This is a type of hormone known as asteroid. However, these are natural substances instead of the ones sometimes used to make weightlifters/bodybuilders stronger.
Cholesterol makes these steroids. There are different ways this happens. It can involve things in the reproductive system. This helps to explain how progesterone is related to the female reproductive system.
Sex hormones have an important job in reproduction and sexual development. These hormones are also related to various functions in the human body and to a person’s overall health. This is true in both men and women.
During a human’s life, their levels of sex hormones change. There are various factors among women’s levels of sex hormones including menstruation/pregnancy, medicines, stress, and age.
Progesterone Breast Tenderness: What’s the Link?
During a woman’s menstrual cycle, it’s common to experience breast tenderness or swelling. These symptoms are actually included in a group of different symptoms that are known as PMS.
It’s important to note that the symptoms might also be symptoms of a kind of disease that’s called fibrocystic breast disease. This medical term describes lumpy breasts that a woman experiences before the menstrual period begins.
This condition can cause big lumps located on the breasts before the monthly period starts. These lumps are non-cancerous. They can change and usually get smaller after the menstruation ends.
The amount of breast soreness a woman experiences through PMS can vary. The symptoms usually become worse right before the start of the menstrual cycle. Then they get less serious right after the menstrual period.
In many situations, the symptoms are annoying yet not a major medical condition. That said if you experience sore breasts or other changes it’s important to talk to your doctor. The reason is the symptom can be a sign of different medical conditions.
In most situations, changes in hormone levels cause breast swelling/tenderness before the menstrual cycle starts. The time that the changes in hormones happen is different for every woman. For example, progesterone causes swelling of the breast’s milk glands. Meanwhile, estrogen results in breast ducts getting larger. Both of these situations can cause breasts to get sore.
A woman’s levels of progesterone increase during the menstrual cycle’s second half. That’s day 14 to day 28 during a standard cycle that lasts 28 days. The levels of the hormone progesterone increase during one week leading up to menstruation.
Yet another reason breasts have changed like swelling or tenderness is medicines with estrogen. This is a side-effect you might experience when taking such medicines. It’s important to talk to your doctor about any side-effects you might have when taking such meds.
Tips for Treating PMS-related Breast Changes
Take a dietary supplement for pain
One popular one is called evening primrose. It’s available in oil and might help to reduce pain and control hormones. You can take stronger meds like Advil if the pain gets worse.
Do moderate or high-intensity workouts
This is something you should probably consider anyway for better overall health. However, it might help with symptoms like sore breasts due to PMS. It’s a good idea to do both cardio and strength training. Studies show that you get the most benefits when combining both types of exercises in your workouts.
Avoid salt and caffeine
The reason is it can cause problems related to retaining water. If it’s causing breast pain it’s important to reduce your intake of caffeine and salt one week before menstruation starts. If you have caffeine cravings during that time then drink some green tea.
There are certain foods you should eat during this time. They include fatty fish, green leafy vegetables, and high-iron foods. Another good food is raw chocolate.
The reason is it’s high in antioxidants/magnesium and can boost moods. That’s because it has an amino acid that results in the feel-good hormones.
Reduce fat in your diet
You don’t have to consume a low-fat diet. However, it’s a good idea just to reduce how much fat you’re consuming during this time. It might help to deal with breast changes related to PMS. However, you should still get a good amount of healthy fats from foods like fatty fish, olive oil, avocado, and nuts/seeds.
Avoid bras that don’t fit
If bras don’t fit properly this can cause pain in any situation. The situation can become worse during the menstrual cycle. So, make sure you’re wearing good-fitting bras. If the breasts start to swell during the cycle this can cause problems like progesterone breast tenderness.