Are you experiencing breast cysts? These are fluid-filled areas that usually aren’t cancerous. However, it’s important to find out whether or not that’s the case. That happens through proper diagnosis that involves an exam and tests. Scientists aren’t entirely sure what causes breast cysts. However, it’s believed they could be related to hormone changes in the body, which might involve extra estrogen. There are various diagnostic tools used including physical exam, mammogram, and biopsy. A doctor can determine which tests are done after the exam. This is an important part of the process to determine the exact cause of the cysts. Possible treatments include the removal of breast cysts.
There are other possible treatments. They include hormone therapy, fluid removal, and surgical procedure. The exact treatment(s) that are used are based on the main cause of the cyst. One of the key issues is whether or not the cyst is benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). This factor will affect the particular treatment your doctor selects. The key is to get the cyst diagnosed as soon as possible. Then you can start getting the necessary treatment as soon as possible. That, in turn, will help to prevent complications. This is especially the case if the breast lump has cancer cells.
What Exactly Are Breast Cysts?
These are sacs within the breast that are fluid-filled. In most situations, they’re non-cancerous/benign. However, sometimes they’re malignant (cancerous). It’s possible to have one/multiple cysts and they can also appear in either one or both. It’s important to self-exams from time to time. If you observe new lumps then it’s critical to get it checked out immediately. The reason is that the situation could become worse over time. This especially the case if the cyst is cancerous since it could spread to other body parts.
In some situations, no treatment is needed. However, it’s different if the cyst is big and uncomfortable/painful. In those situations, then it’s important to take steps like draining fluid from the cyst. This will help to reduce symptoms.
Breast cysts can affect both men and women. They tend to happen among women between 35 and 50 years old before menopause. Post-menopausal women doing hormone therapy might also experience breast lumps.
It’s important to be aware of the various signs/symptoms you might experience. They include:
- Nipple discharge
- Round/oval breast lump with edges
- Bigger lump size/tenderness before the menstrual cycle
- Pain/tenderness in breast lump
- Change in lump size after menstrual cycle
If you have cysts it doesn’t mean you have a greater risk of developing breast cancer. However, one issue is it might be more difficult to find other breast lumps. So if you have cysts a doctor needs to do an exam to check for other lumps.
It’s also important to know how your breasts normally feel. This will make it easier to determine if there are any changes like breast lumps. In that case, it will be easier to determine.
You should contact your doctor if you observe groups of gland tissue that have a design like daisy petals. The reason you should take this step is cysts happen when there’s fluid buildup in the breast’s glands.
Removal of Breast Cysts
Various treatments can be sued for breast cysts. They include hormone therapy, fluid removal, etc. In many cases, though no treatment is required. It depends if the fluid-filled sacs cause any symptoms. Another factor is if they’re just in the breast area.
However, the situation is different if the lump continues or changes over time. If that happens then it’s important to contact your doctor. He/She can guide you about the next steps to take. Treatments like fluid removal and hormone therapy are often effective for removing cysts.
In some situations, surgery is required to remove breast cysts. However, this is a rare situation. It’s considered as an option if the breast cyst is uncomfortable for several months. It also might be necessary if the cyst has fluid or other signs that there are complications.
This procedure is known as a “lumpectomy.” One of the first steps a doctor does is to order a biopsy. This will help to learn more about lump including whether it has cancer cells. If the lump has cancer cells then it’s important to remove the lump immediately.
Various post-surgery treatments might be required. They include medication, radiation, and chemotherapy. This is done to treat the cancer cells and prevent them from returning.
The post-operation surgery is based on many factors. They include the kind of lump and cancer stage if it’s a malignant lump.
As noted cysts are usually non-cancerous growth that results from hormonal changes. The cysts usually vanish after fluid removal. However, they can return. It’s also worth noting that sometimes cysts can be cancerous. This usually isn’t the case but it’s possible.
A biopsy might be required to find out if your cyst is cancerous. It involves removing a small amount to check for the cause. That is the only way to determine the definite cause of the cyst.
Removal of Breast Cysts: Recovery
The surgery is an outpatient operation in most cases. It can happen at a surgical center or hospital. It’s important to talk to your doctor about different options.
In some cases, when the breast lump is serious, then a mastectomy is required to remove the breast. This is required because of the damage that’s caused by cancer.
Before the surgery, it’s critical to stop taking certain kinds of medications like aspirin. It’s also important not to eat/drink for 12+ hours before surgery. It’s also a good idea not to drive home after the surgery.
After the breast lump is removed next step is the recovery process. Your surgeon can provide information about follow-up care after the surgery. You might also get a prescription for pain relievers. You also might get instructions about issues like dressing.
Another factor is the drainage tube might stay until the patient’s first follow-up checkup. There are other types of aftercare that might be ordered including:
- Sponge bath
- Support/sports bra
- Arm exercises
It’s important to watch for an increase in redness, swelling, pain, etc. and other signs that there’s infection. If they’re observed then it’s important to contact your doctor. There are other possible symptoms like sensitive/itchy skin. These symptoms might leave over time.
It’s important to talk to your doctor about any issues related to lump removal surgery and recovery. This is important, so you’ll know what to expect. Knowing this information can also help to reduce stress/anxiety. That’s because there won’t be any surprising events.
If you find a lump on your breast, it’s important not to panic. In fact, in most cases, the cause isn’t cancer. However, it’s better to get it checked out and diagnosed soon. This will help you know treatment options and also give you peace of mind about the removal of breast cysts.